Macular degeneration is one of the leading causes of vision loss. Dr. Hockemeyer and Dr. Hoffman at Hockmeyer Family Eye Care in New Haven provide individual and family eye care for several eye care conditions, including macular degeneration. Schedule your next eye exam with us today to help keep your eyes healthy and safe.
What Causes Macular Degeneration?
The exact cause of the condition is unknown, but there are several risk factors. These factors include genetics, poor diet, obesity, and smoking. It is also more common among Caucasians and people over 60.
Symptoms of Macular Degeneration
The symptoms of macular degeneration develop slowly and usually without pain. You may notice the symptoms in one or both eyes. Some of the symptoms include:
- Visual distortions, meaning straight lines appear wavy or bent
- Impaired central vision in one or both of your eyes
- Blurriness for printed words
- Trouble recognizing faces
- Difficulty with night vision and dimly lit areas
What Are the Types of Macular Degeneration?
There are two types of macular degeneration, dry and wet. Dry is the most common and it is caused by yellow protein deposits called drusen. The drusen can lead to the deterioration of the macula over time. Wet macular degeneration is less common and is caused by abnormal blood vessels that grow behind the macula. It is considered more advanced and accounts for a large percentage of cases of legal blindness.
Preventing Macular Degeneration
Comprehensive eye exams from an eye doctor are the first step to detecting and treating macular degeneration. Furthermore, several proactive steps can reduce the risk of this disease:
- Control Other Health Conditions. Health conditions like high blood pressure need to be controlled. Take the required medication and follow your doctor's recommendations.
- Stop Smoking. Smoking can increase your chances of developing macular degeneration.
- Exercise Regularly and Eat Healthy. Healthy body weight and a nutrient-dense diet can reduce the risk of macular degeneration.
- Eat Fatty Acids in Your Diet. Omega-3 fatty acids may help reduce the risk of macular degeneration. Nuts and fish such as salmon include good amounts of fatty acids.
- Protect Your Eyes from Sunlight. Harmful ultraviolet rays can damage your eyes. Wear protective sunglasses when you are outdoors.
Schedule an Eye Exam in New Haven, IN
At Hockmeyer Family Eye Care, Dr. Hockemeyer and Dr. Hoffman provide quality eye care for residents in and around New Haven. If you are concerned about macular degeneration or it has been a while since your last eye exam, contact our team today to book an appointment. Call our team today at (260) 493-1505 or reach us through our website by using our online contact form.